10-Q


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
 
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2016
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
    
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number 001-32686
 
 
 
 
VIACOM INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
DELAWARE
20-3515052
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
 
 
 
 
1515 Broadway
New York, NY 10036
(212) 258-6000
(Address, including zip code, and telephone number,
including area code, of registrant’s principal executive offices)
 
 
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes x    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes x    No ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer x    Accelerated filer ¨    Non-accelerated filer ¨    Smaller reporting company ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ¨    No x
Class of Stock
 
Shares Outstanding
as of April 15, 2016
Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per share
 
49,434,379

Class B common stock, par value $0.001 per share
 
346,608,679

 


Table of Contents

VIACOM INC.
INDEX TO FORM 10-Q
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
Consolidated Statements of Earnings for the quarter and six months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the quarter and six months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015
 
 
 
 


Table of Contents

PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Consolidated Financial Statements.
VIACOM INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS
(Unaudited)
 
  
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions, except per share amounts)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Revenues
$
3,001

 
$
3,078

 
$
6,155

 
$
6,422

Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating
1,654

 
2,056

 
3,247

 
3,679

Selling, general and administrative
705

 
721

 
1,372

 
1,452

Depreciation and amortization
56

 
57

 
111

 
112

Restructuring

 
206

 

 
206

Total expenses
2,415

 
3,040

 
4,730

 
5,449

Operating income
586

 
38

 
1,425

 
973

Interest expense, net
(155
)
 
(166
)
 
(310
)
 
(326
)
Equity in net earnings of investee companies
35

 
42

 
66

 
75

Other items, net
(6
)
 
(12
)
 
(4
)
 
(30
)
Earnings/(loss) before provision for income taxes
460

 
(98
)
 
1,177

 
692

Provision for income taxes
(151
)
 
50

 
(407
)
 
(227
)
Net earnings/(loss) (Viacom and noncontrolling interests)
309

 
(48
)
 
770

 
465

Net earnings attributable to noncontrolling interests
(6
)
 
(5
)
 
(18
)
 
(18
)
Net earnings/(loss) attributable to Viacom
$
303

 
$
(53
)
 
$
752

 
$
447

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings/(loss) per share attributable to Viacom
$
0.76

 
$
(0.13
)
 
$
1.90

 
$
1.10

Diluted earnings/(loss) per share attributable to Viacom
$
0.76

 
$
(0.13
)
 
$
1.89

 
$
1.09

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
396.1

 
402.5

 
396.4

 
406.6

Diluted
397.4

 
402.5

 
397.9

 
411.4

Dividends declared per share of Class A and Class B common stock
$
0.40

 
$
0.33

 
$
0.80

 
$
0.66

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

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Table of Contents

VIACOM INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
  
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Net earnings/(loss) (Viacom and noncontrolling interests)
$
309

 
$
(48
)
 
$
770

 
$
465

Other comprehensive income/(loss), net of tax:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
22

 
(158
)
 
(18
)
 
(262
)
Defined benefit pension plans
1

 
(1
)
 
(4
)
 
(21
)
Cash flow hedges
2

 

 
1

 

Available for sale securities

 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
Other comprehensive income/(loss) (Viacom and noncontrolling interests)
25

 
(160
)
 
(21
)
 
(284
)
Comprehensive income/(loss)
334

 
(208
)
 
749

 
181

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interest
5

 
1

 
14

 
12

Comprehensive income/(loss) attributable to Viacom
$
329

 
$
(209
)
 
$
735

 
$
169

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

2

Table of Contents

VIACOM INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(in millions, except par value)
March 31,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
480

 
$
506

Receivables, net
2,784

 
2,807

Inventory, net
806

 
786

Prepaid and other assets
664

 
479

Total current assets
4,734

 
4,578

Property and equipment, net
879

 
947

Inventory, net
3,876

 
3,616

Goodwill
11,436

 
11,456

Intangibles, net
333

 
340

Other assets
1,307

 
1,206

Total assets
$
22,565

 
$
22,143

LIABILITIES AND EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
343

 
$
506

Accrued expenses
679

 
748

Participants' share and residuals
848

 
860

Program obligations
692

 
703

Deferred revenue
413

 
481

Current portion of debt
1,033

 
18

Other liabilities
462

 
537

Total current liabilities
4,470

 
3,853

Noncurrent portion of debt
11,496

 
12,267

Participants' share and residuals
322

 
351

Program obligations
288

 
356

Deferred tax liabilities, net
531

 
150

Other liabilities
1,290

 
1,348

Redeemable noncontrolling interest
221

 
219

Commitments and contingencies (Note 6)


 


Viacom stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
Class A common stock, par value $0.001, 375.0 authorized; 49.4 and 50.1 outstanding, respectively

 

Class B common stock, par value $0.001, 5,000.0 authorized; 346.8 and 348.0 outstanding, respectively

 

Additional paid-in capital
10,073

 
10,017

Treasury stock, 400.1 and 398.0 common shares held in treasury, respectively
(20,825
)
 
(20,725
)
Retained earnings
15,192

 
14,780

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(551
)
 
(534
)
Total Viacom stockholders' equity
3,889

 
3,538

Noncontrolling interests
58

 
61

Total equity
3,947

 
3,599

Total liabilities and equity
$
22,565

 
$
22,143

 
 
 
 
 See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

3

Table of Contents

VIACOM INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)

  
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net earnings (Viacom and noncontrolling interests)
$
770

 
$
465

Reconciling items:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
111

 
112

Feature film and program amortization
2,106

 
2,581

Equity-based compensation
52

 
51

Equity in net earnings and distributions from investee companies
(62
)
 
(71
)
Deferred income taxes
377

 
46

Operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions:
 
 
 
Receivables
52

 
329

Inventory, program rights and participations
(2,500
)
 
(2,567
)
Accounts payable and other current liabilities
(508
)
 
(248
)
Other, net
(114
)
 
(18
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
284

 
680

 
 
 
 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Acquisitions and investments, net
(44
)
 
5

Capital expenditures
(54
)
 
(64
)
Net cash flow used in investing activities
(98
)
 
(59
)
 
 
 
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Borrowings

 
990

Debt repayments

 
(600
)
Commercial paper
250

 
75

Purchase of treasury stock
(100
)
 
(1,506
)
Dividends paid
(318
)
 
(273
)
Excess tax benefits on equity-based compensation awards

 
39

Exercise of stock options
3

 
126

Other, net
(43
)
 
(79
)
Net cash flow used in financing activities
(208
)
 
(1,228
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
(4
)
 
(87
)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
(26
)
 
(694
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
506

 
1,000

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
480

 
$
306

 
 
 
 
 See accompanying notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

4

Table of Contents
VIACOM INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS




NOTE 1. BASIS OF PRESENTATION
Description of Business
Viacom is home to premier global media brands that create compelling television programs, motion pictures, short-form content, apps, games, consumer products, social media experiences and other entertainment content for audiences in 180 countries. Viacom operates through two reporting segments: Media Networks, which includes the Music & Entertainment Group, the Kids & Family Group and BET Networks, and Filmed Entertainment. The Media Networks segment provides entertainment content and related branded products for consumers in targeted demographics attractive to advertisers, content distributors and retailers. The Filmed Entertainment segment produces, finances, acquires and distributes motion pictures, television programming and other entertainment content under the Paramount Pictures, Paramount Vantage, Paramount Classics, Paramount Animation, Insurge Pictures, Nickelodeon Movies, MTV Films and Paramount Television brands. References in this document to “Viacom,” “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” mean Viacom Inc. and our consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context requires otherwise.
Unaudited Interim Financial Statements
The accompanying unaudited consolidated quarterly financial statements have been prepared on a basis consistent with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and pursuant to the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited financial statements reflect all adjustments, consisting of only normal and recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of our results of operations, financial position and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2016 (“fiscal 2016”) or any future period. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with our Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2015, as filed with the SEC on November 12, 2015 (the “2015 Form 10-K”).
Use of Estimates
Preparing financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the dates presented and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the periods presented. Significant estimates inherent in the preparation of the accompanying Consolidated Financial Statements include estimates of film ultimate revenues, product returns, potential outcome of uncertain tax positions, fair value of acquired assets and liabilities, fair value of equity-based compensation and pension benefit assumptions. Estimates are based on past experience and other considerations reasonable under the circumstances. Actual results may differ from these estimates.
Reclassification
Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to the fiscal 2016 presentation.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2016-09 - Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting. ASU 2016-09 includes provisions intended to simplify various aspects related to how share-based payments are accounted for and presented in the financial statements, such as requiring all income tax effects of awards to be recognized in the income statement when the awards vest or are settled and allowing a policy election to account for forfeitures as they occur. In addition, all related cash flows resulting from share-based payments will be reported as operating activities on the statement of cash flows. The guidance will be effective for the first interim period of our 2018 fiscal year, with early adoption permitted. The new standard will impact our financial statements by increasing or decreasing our income tax provision and increasing cash flow from operating activities.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02 - Leases. ASU 2016-02 requires lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for most leases. For income statement purposes, leases will be classified as either operating or finance, generally resulting in straight-line expense recognition for operating leases (similar to current operating leases) and accelerated expense recognition for financing leases (similar to current capital leases). The guidance will be effective for the first interim period of our 2020 fiscal year, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of the new standard.
In January 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-01 - Financial Instruments - Overall: Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities. ASU 2016-01 addresses certain aspects of recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. Among other provisions, the new guidance requires the fair value measurement of investments in certain equity securities. For investments without readily determinable fair values, entities have the option to

5

Table of Contents
VIACOM INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(continued)

either measure these investments at fair value or at cost adjusted for changes in observable prices minus impairment. All changes in measurement will be recognized in net income. The guidance will be effective for the first interim period of our 2019 fiscal year. Early adoption is not permitted, except for certain provisions relating to financial liabilities. We are currently evaluating the impact of the new standard.
In November 2015, the FASB issued ASU 2015-17 - Income Taxes: Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes, which requires that all deferred taxes be classified as noncurrent in the balance sheet. The guidance is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, with early adoption permitted on either a prospective or retrospective basis. In the quarter ended December 31, 2015, we adopted the new guidance on a retrospective basis. As a result, our $99 million net deferred tax liability in the Consolidated Balance Sheet as of September 30, 2015 is presented as a deferred tax asset of $51 million within Other assets and $150 million in Deferred tax liabilities, net.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09 - Revenue from Contracts with Customers, a comprehensive revenue recognition model that supersedes the current revenue recognition requirements and most industry-specific guidance. The guidance provides a five step framework to recognize revenue to depict the transfer of goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration it expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. The guidance will be effective for the first interim period of our 2019 fiscal year (with early adoption permitted beginning fiscal year 2018), and allows adoption either under a full retrospective or a modified retrospective approach. We are currently evaluating the impact of the new standard.
NOTE 2. INVENTORY
Our total inventory consists of the following:
Inventory
(in millions)
March 31,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
Film inventory:
 
 
 
Released, net of amortization
$
684

 
$
576

Completed, not yet released
143

 
55

In process and other
847

 
806

Total film inventory, net of amortization
1,674

 
1,437

Television productions
50

 
8

Total film and television production inventory
1,724

 
1,445

Original programming:
 
 
 
Released, net of amortization
1,189

 
1,161

In process and other
525

 
599

Total original programming, net of amortization
1,714

 
1,760

Acquired program rights, net of amortization
1,149

 
1,108

Home entertainment inventory
95

 
89

Total inventory, net
4,682

 
4,402

Less: current portion
(806
)
 
(786
)
Total inventory-noncurrent, net
$
3,876

 
$
3,616

 
 
 
 

6

Table of Contents
VIACOM INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(continued)

NOTE 3. DEBT
Our total debt consists of the following:
Debt
(in millions)
March 31,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
Senior Notes and Debentures:
 
 
 
                Senior notes due April 2016, 6.250%
368

 
368

                Senior notes due December 2016, 2.500%
399

 
399

                Senior notes due April 2017, 3.500%
499

 
498

                Senior notes due October 2017, 6.125%
499

 
499

                Senior notes due September 2018, 2.500%
497

 
497

                Senior notes due April 2019, 2.200%
399

 
398

                Senior notes due September 2019, 5.625%
550

 
550

                Senior notes due December 2019, 2.750%
398

 
398

                Senior notes due March 2021, 4.500%
494

 
494

                Senior notes due December 2021, 3.875%
593

 
592

                Senior notes due June 2022, 3.125%
296

 
296

                Senior notes due March 2023, 3.250%
297

 
297

                Senior notes due September 2023, 4.250%
1,234

 
1,233

                Senior notes due April 2024, 3.875%
544

 
543

                Senior debentures due December 2034, 4.850%
593

 
592

                Senior debentures due April 2036, 6.875%
1,066

 
1,066

                Senior debentures due October 2037, 6.750%
75

 
75

                Senior debentures due February 2042, 4.500%
244

 
244

                Senior debentures due March 2043, 4.375%
1,088

 
1,085

                Senior debentures due June 2043, 4.875%
246

 
246

                Senior debentures due September 2043, 5.850%
1,228

 
1,228

                Senior debentures due April 2044, 5.250%
544

 
544

Commercial paper
250

 

Capital lease and other obligations
128

 
143

Total debt
12,529

 
12,285

Less: current portion
(1,033
)
 
(18
)
Total noncurrent portion of debt
$
11,496

 
$
12,267

 
 
 
 
The total unamortized discount and issuance fees and expenses related to our senior notes and debentures was $469 million as of March 31, 2016 and $478 million as of September 30, 2015. The fair value of our senior notes and debentures was approximately $12.4 billion as of March 31, 2016. The valuation of our publicly traded debt is based on quoted prices in active markets.
Credit Facility
At March 31, 2016, there were no amounts outstanding under our $2.5 billion revolving credit facility due November 2019. The credit facility is used for general corporate purposes and to support commercial paper outstanding. The amount of unused capacity under the credit facility, after deducting commercial paper outstanding of $250 million with a weighted average maturity of 26 days and weighted average interest rate of 1.28%, was $2.25 billion as of March 31, 2016. The credit facility has one principal financial covenant that requires our interest coverage for the most recent four consecutive fiscal quarters to be at least 3.0x, which we met as of March 31, 2016.

7

Table of Contents
VIACOM INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(continued)

NOTE 4. PENSION BENEFITS
The components of net periodic benefit cost for our defined benefit pension plans, which are currently frozen to future benefit accruals, are set forth below.
Net Periodic Benefit Cost
(in millions)
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Interest cost
$
8

 
$
10

 
$
17

 
$
22

Expected return on plan assets
(9
)
 
(11
)
 
(19
)
 
(24
)
Recognized actuarial loss
2

 
2

 
3

 
3

Loss on pension settlement

 

 

 
24

Net periodic benefit cost
$
1

 
$
1

 
$
1

 
$
25

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NOTE 5. REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST
We are subject to a redeemable put option, payable in a foreign currency, with respect to an international subsidiary. The put option expires in December 2022 and is classified as Redeemable noncontrolling interest in the Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The activity reflected within redeemable noncontrolling interest is as follows:
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
Beginning balance
$
219

 
$
216

Net earnings
9

 
8

Distributions
(12
)
 
(12
)
Translation adjustment
(16
)
 
(23
)
Redemption value adjustment
21

 
5

Ending Balance
$
221

 
$
194

 
 
 
 
NOTE 6. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Commitments
As more fully described in Note 11 of the 2015 Form 10-K, our commitments primarily consist of programming and talent commitments, operating and capital lease arrangements, and purchase obligations for goods and services. These arrangements result from our normal course of business and represent obligations that may be payable over several years.
Contingencies
We have certain indemnification obligations with respect to leases primarily associated with the previously discontinued operations of Famous Players Inc. (“Famous Players”). In addition, we have certain indemnities provided by the acquirer of Famous Players. These lease commitments amounted to approximately $250 million as of March 31, 2016. The amount of lease commitments varies over time depending on expiration or termination of individual underlying leases, or of the related indemnification obligation, and foreign exchange rates, among other things. We may also have exposure for certain other expenses related to the leases, such as property taxes and common area maintenance. We have recorded a liability of $192 million with respect to such obligations as of March 31, 2016. We believe our accrual is sufficient to meet any future obligations based on our consideration of available financial information, the lessees’ historical performance in meeting their lease obligations and the underlying economic factors impacting the lessees’ business models.
Legal Matters
Litigation is inherently uncertain and always difficult to predict. However, based on our understanding and evaluation of the relevant facts and circumstances, we believe that the legal matters described below and other litigation to which we are a party are not likely, in the aggregate, to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations, financial position or operating cash flows.

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VIACOM INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(continued)

In July 2015, the Directorate-General for Competition (“DG Comp”) of the European Commission (the “Commission”) issued a Statement of Objections (the “SO”) to the six major Hollywood film studios, including Paramount Pictures, and to Sky UK (“Sky”), in connection with DG Comp's investigation into whether conventional territorial restrictions in agreements licensing content to pay television broadcasters impeded European Union (“EU”) single market imperatives in an anti-competitive way. The SO directed at Paramount takes issue with certain geo-filtering provisions in Paramount’s 2009 and 2014 agreements with Sky, which were designed to enforce the territorial nature of the content Paramount licenses for distribution on Sky’s online and mobile pay television platforms. In addition, the SO challenges certain provisions in the 2009 agreement regarding Sky’s satellite distribution of Paramount content. While we believe that Paramount's licensing practices in the EU are consistent with the region's competition and other rules, Paramount has chosen to reach agreement with the Commission rather than prolong the dispute. Subject to final Commission approval, Viacom and Paramount will give binding commitments to neither enforce nor renew the types of geo-filtering clauses in premium pay television license agreements that were described in the SO and that restrict European Economic Area (“EEA”) broadcasters from responding to unsolicited requests by consumers located in a different territory in the EEA. No admission of liability will be made. The commitments permit Paramount to continue to license films through premium pay television license agreements in Europe on an exclusive territorial basis. In addition, the agreement eliminates the possibility of fines and enables the Commission to close similar pending cases against Viacom and Paramount relating to broadcasters in Italy, France, Germany and Spain. If Paramount's commitments do not receive final Commission approval and the Commission ultimately decides that violations have in fact occurred, it has the power to impose fines. Any such decision would be subject to judicial review in the EU’s General Court and, thereafter, the Court of Justice of the EU. The full process, including appeals, could last several years.
In November 2015, Robert J. Casey, II, a Viacom shareholder, commenced a shareholder derivative action in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware naming, as defendants, all of the members of our Board of Directors, our Chief Financial Officer and our Controller. The complaint alleged breaches of fiduciary duties and unjust enrichment in connection with (i) our decision to recognize a pre-tax charge in the second quarter of fiscal 2015, reflecting the impact of write-downs of underperforming programming, costs associated with workforce reductions and the accelerated amortization of programming expenses, as we publicly announced on April 6, 2015, (ii) our decision to temporarily pause our stock repurchase program in order to stay within our target leverage ratio, also as publicly announced on April 6, 2015, and (iii) the matters relating to the European Statement of Objections, as discussed above. The complaint was filed following communication to Mr. Casey’s counsel that the Board unanimously determined not to authorize commencement of a civil action against members of management in connection with the above matters, as requested by Mr. Casey’s counsel in previous demand letters. In January 2016, we moved to dismiss the complaint, and Mr. Casey filed an amended complaint in March 2016. On April 7, Mr. Casey voluntarily dismissed the action. The dismissal was approved by the court on the same day.
In January 2016, E.F. Greenberg, a putative Viacom shareholder, commenced a shareholder derivative action in the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware against the Company and all the current members of our Board of Directors. The complaint alleges breaches of the fiduciary duties of loyalty and candor, waste of corporate assets, and unjust enrichment in connection with compensation arrangements between Viacom and Sumner and Shari Redstone since October 1, 2013. CBS Corporation and its directors were also named in the complaint in connection with arrangements between CBS and Mr. Redstone and Ms. Redstone. In March 2016, Mr. Greenberg voluntarily dismissed the action, and the dismissal was approved by the court.
NOTE 7. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
The components of stockholders’ equity are as follows:
  
Six Months Ended  
 March 31, 2016
 
Six Months Ended  
 March 31, 2015
Stockholders’ Equity
(in millions)
Total Viacom Stockholders' Equity
 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
Total Equity
 
Total Viacom Stockholders' Equity
 
Noncontrolling Interests
 
Total Equity
Beginning Balance
$
3,538

 
$
61

 
$
3,599

 
$
3,719

 
$
28

 
$
3,747

Net earnings
752

 
18

 
770

 
447

 
18

 
465

Other comprehensive loss (1)
(17
)
 
(4
)
 
(21
)
 
(278
)
 
(6
)
 
(284
)
Noncontrolling interests
(21
)
 
(17
)
 
(38
)
 
(5
)
 
(21
)
 
(26
)
Dividends declared
(318
)
 

 
(318
)
 
(269
)
 

 
(269
)
Purchase of treasury stock
(100
)
 

 
(100
)
 
(1,500
)
 

 
(1,500
)
Equity-based compensation and other
55

 

 
55

 
189

 

 
189

Ending Balance
$
3,889

 
$
58

 
$
3,947

 
$
2,303

 
$
19

 
$
2,322

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(1) The components of other comprehensive loss are net of tax expense of $5 million and a tax benefit of $11 million for the six months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively.

9

Table of Contents
VIACOM INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(continued)

NOTE 8. RESTRUCTURING

Our restructuring liability as of March 31, 2016 by reporting segment is as follows:
2015 Restructuring Liability 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions)
Media Networks
 
Filmed Entertainment
 
Corporate
 
Total
September 30, 2015
$
87

 
$
51

 
$
9

 
$
147

Severance payments
(37
)
 
(16
)
 
(3
)
 
(56
)
March 31, 2016
$
50

 
$
35

 
$
6

 
$
91

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The liability as of March 31, 2016 is related to future severance payments in connection with the restructuring plan undertaken in fiscal 2015, as further described in Note 14 of the 2015 Form 10-K. We anticipate that substantially all of the liability associated with the restructuring plan will be paid by September 30, 2016.
NOTE 9. EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per common share is computed by dividing Net earnings attributable to Viacom by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. The determination of diluted earnings per common share includes the weighted average number of common shares plus the dilutive effect of equity awards based upon the application of the treasury stock method. Anti-dilutive common shares were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per common share.
The following table sets forth the weighted average number of common shares outstanding used in determining basic and diluted earnings per common share and anti-dilutive common shares:
Weighted Average Number of Common Shares Outstanding and Anti-dilutive Common Shares
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic
396.1

 
402.5

 
396.4

 
406.6

        Dilutive effect of equity awards
1.3

 

 
1.5

 
4.8

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, diluted
397.4

 
402.5

 
397.9

 
411.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anti-dilutive common shares
13.2

 
8.6

 
13.0

 
4.3

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NOTE 10. SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW AND OTHER INFORMATION
Our supplemental cash flow information is as follows:
Supplemental Cash Flow Information
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
Cash paid for interest
$
302

 
$
305

Cash paid for income taxes
$
204

 
$
211

Accounts Receivable
We had $567 million and $577 million of noncurrent trade receivables as of March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015, respectively. Accounts receivables are principally related to content distribution arrangements at Media Networks and long-term television license arrangements at Filmed Entertainment. These amounts are included within Other assets - noncurrent in our Consolidated Balance Sheets. Such amounts are due in accordance with the underlying terms of the respective agreements with companies that are investment grade or with which we have historically done business under similar terms. We have determined that credit loss allowances are generally not considered necessary for these amounts.

10

Table of Contents
VIACOM INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(continued)

Variable Interest Entities
In the normal course of business, we enter into joint ventures or make investments with business partners that support our underlying business strategy and provide us the ability to enter new markets to expand the reach of our brands, develop new programming and/or distribute our existing content. In certain instances, an entity in which we make an investment may qualify as a variable interest entity (“VIE”). In determining whether we are the primary beneficiary of a VIE, we assess whether we have the power to direct matters that most significantly impact the activities of the VIE and have the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE.
Unconsolidated Variable Interest Entities: We have an unconsolidated investment in Prism TV Private Limited (“Prism”), a 50% owned joint venture in India that qualifies as a VIE. In connection with our investment, we do not have the power to direct matters that most significantly impact the activities of Prism and therefore we do not qualify as the primary beneficiary. Our carrying value in Prism was $157 million and $145 million as of March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015, respectively.

Consolidated Variable Interest Entities: Our Consolidated Balance Sheets include amounts related to consolidated VIEs totaling $212 million in assets and $56 million in liabilities as of March 31, 2016, and $207 million in assets and $54 million in liabilities as of September 30, 2015. The consolidated VIEs’ revenues, expenses and operating income were not significant for all periods presented.
Income Taxes
Our effective income tax rate was 32.8% and 34.6% in the quarter and six months ended March 31, 2016, respectively. Discrete tax expense of $21 million contributed 1.8 percentage points to the effective income tax rate in the six months. This discrete tax expense was principally related to a reduction in qualified production activity tax benefits as a result of retroactively reenacted legislation.
Our effective income tax rate was 51.0% in the quarter ended March 31, 2015, which included restructuring and programming charges that contributed 19.8 percentage points to the effective income tax rate. Our effective tax rate was 32.8% in the six months ended March 31, 2015. Discrete tax expense of $23 million in the six months, taken together with the restructuring and programming charges and a pension settlement loss, contributed 1.0 percentage point to the effective income tax rate. This discrete tax expense was principally related to a reduction in qualified production activity tax benefits as a result of retroactively reenacted legislation.
NOTE 11. FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The following table summarizes our financial assets and liabilities measured and recorded at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015:
Financial Asset/(Liability)
  
 
Quoted Prices In
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
 
Significant Other
Observable
Inputs
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(in millions)
Total        
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
March 31, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marketable securities
$
108

 
$
108

 
$

 
$

Derivatives
(7
)
 

 
(7
)
 

Total
$
101

 
$
108

 
$
(7
)
 
$

September 30, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marketable securities
$
100

 
$
100

 
$

 
$

Derivatives
(10
)
 

 
(10
)
 

Total
$
90

 
$
100

 
$
(10
)
 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The fair value for marketable securities is determined utilizing a market approach based on quoted market prices in active markets at period end and the fair value for derivatives is determined utilizing a market-based approach.
The notional value of all foreign exchange contracts was $963 million and $1.040 billion as of March 31, 2016 and September 30, 2015, respectively. At March 31, 2016, $678 million related to our foreign currency balances and $285 million related to future production costs. At September 30, 2015, $769 million related to our foreign currency balances and $271 million related to future production costs.

11

Table of Contents
VIACOM INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(continued)

NOTE 12. REPORTING SEGMENTS
The following tables set forth our financial performance by reporting segment. Our reporting segments have been determined in accordance with our internal management structure. We manage our operations through two reporting segments: (i) Media Networks and (ii) Filmed Entertainment. Typical intersegment transactions include the purchase of advertising by the Filmed Entertainment segment on Media Networks’ properties and the purchase of Filmed Entertainment’s feature films and television programming exhibition rights by Media Networks. The elimination of such intercompany transactions in the Consolidated Financial Statements is included within eliminations in the tables below.
 
Our measure of segment performance is adjusted operating income/(loss). Adjusted operating income/(loss) is defined as operating income/(loss), before equity-based compensation and certain other items identified as affecting comparability, including restructuring and programming charges, when applicable.
Revenues by Segment
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Media Networks
$
2,381

 
$
2,452

 
$
4,946

 
$
5,106

Filmed Entertainment
655

 
659

 
1,267

 
1,379

Eliminations
(35
)
 
(33
)
 
(58
)
 
(63
)
Total revenues
$
3,001

 
$
3,078

 
$
6,155

 
$
6,422

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted Operating Income/(Loss)
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Media Networks
$
805

 
$
903

 
$
1,862

 
$
2,007

Filmed Entertainment
(136
)
 
1

 
(282
)
 
(59
)
Corporate expenses
(53
)
 
(57
)
 
(103
)
 
(118
)
Eliminations
(4
)
 

 

 
2

Equity-based compensation
(26
)
 
(25
)
 
(52
)
 
(51
)
Restructuring and programming charges

 
(784
)
 

 
(784
)
Loss on pension settlement

 

 

 
(24
)
Operating income
586

 
38

 
1,425

 
973

Interest expense, net
(155
)
 
(166
)
 
(310
)
 
(326
)
Equity in net earnings of investee companies
35

 
42

 
66

 
75

Other items, net
(6
)
 
(12
)
 
(4
)
 
(30
)
Earnings/(loss) before provision for income taxes
$
460

 
$
(98
)
 
$
1,177

 
$
692

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Assets
March 31,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
(in millions)
 
Media Networks
$
16,792

 
$
17,088

Filmed Entertainment
6,190

 
5,914

Corporate/Eliminations
(417
)
 
(859
)
Total assets
$
22,565

 
$
22,143

 
 
 
 


12

Table of Contents
VIACOM INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(continued)

Revenues by Component
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Advertising
$
1,123

 
$
1,172

 
$
2,443

 
$
2,539

Feature film
610

 
605

 
1,180

 
1,279

Affiliate fees
1,129

 
1,146

 
2,248

 
2,278

Ancillary
174

 
188

 
342

 
389

Eliminations
(35
)
 
(33
)
 
(58
)
 
(63
)
Total revenues
$
3,001

 
$
3,078

 
$
6,155

 
$
6,422

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NOTE 13. RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS
National Amusements, Inc. (“NAI”), directly and indirectly, is the controlling stockholder of both Viacom and CBS Corporation (“CBS”). Sumner M. Redstone, the controlling shareholder, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of NAI, serves as our Chairman Emeritus and as the Chairman Emeritus of CBS. Shari Redstone, who is Sumner Redstone’s daughter, is the President and a director of NAI, and serves as non-executive Vice Chair of the Board of Directors of both Viacom and CBS. George Abrams, one of our directors, serves on the boards of both NAI and Viacom, and Frederic Salerno, our Lead Independent Director, serves on the boards of both Viacom and CBS. Philippe Dauman, our Executive Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer, also serves on the boards of both NAI and Viacom. Transactions between Viacom and related parties are overseen by our Governance and Nominating Committee.
Viacom and NAI Related Party Transactions
NAI licenses films in the ordinary course of business for its motion picture theaters from all major studios, including Paramount. During the six months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015, Paramount earned revenues from NAI in connection with these licenses in the aggregate amounts of approximately $4 million and $6 million, respectively.
Viacom and CBS Corporation Related Party Transactions
In the ordinary course of business, we are involved in transactions with CBS and its various businesses that result in the recognition of revenues and expenses by us. Transactions with CBS are settled in cash.
Our Filmed Entertainment segment earns revenues and recognizes expenses associated with its distribution of certain television products into the home entertainment market on behalf of CBS. Pursuant to its agreement with CBS, Paramount distributes CBS’s library of television and other content on DVD and Blu-ray disc on a worldwide basis. Under the terms of the agreement, Paramount is entitled to retain a fee based on a percentage of gross receipts and is generally responsible for all out-of-pocket costs, which are recoupable together with any advance amounts paid. Paramount made advance payments of $60 million to CBS during the six months ended March 31, 2016. Paramount also earns revenues from CBS through leasing of studio space and licensing of certain film products.
Our Media Networks segment recognizes advertising revenues and purchases television programming from CBS. The cost of the programming purchases is initially recorded as acquired program rights inventory and amortized over the estimated period that revenues will be generated.
Both of our segments recognize advertising expenses related to the placement of advertisements with CBS.

13

Table of Contents
VIACOM INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(continued)

The following table summarizes the transactions with CBS as included in our Consolidated Financial Statements:
CBS Related Party Transactions
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Consolidated Statements of Earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
22

 
$
33

 
$
65

 
$
92

Operating expenses
$
29

 
$
80

 
$
88

 
$
148

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
March 31,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
 
 
 
$
2

 
$
5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
 
 
 
$

 
$
1

Participants’ share and residuals, current
 
 
 
 
63

 
77

Program obligations, current
 
 
 
 
71

 
62

Program obligations, noncurrent
 
 
 
 
44

 
55

Other liabilities
 
 
 
 
2

 
2

Total due to CBS
 
 
 
 
$
180

 
$
197

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Other Related Party Transactions
In the ordinary course of business, we are involved in related party transactions with equity investees. These related party transactions primarily relate to the provision of advertising services, licensing of film and programming content, distribution of films and provision of certain administrative support services, for which the impact on our Consolidated Financial Statements is as follows:
Other Related Party Transactions
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2016
 
2015
Consolidated Statements of Earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
$
25

 
$
45

 
$
30

 
$
58

Operating expenses
$
14

 
$
19

 
$
16

 
$
21

Selling, general and administrative
$
(4
)
 
$
(4
)
 
$
(6
)
 
$
(6
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  
 
 
 
 
March 31,
2016
 
September 30,
2015
Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
 
 
 
 
$
57

 
$
60

Other assets
 
 
 
 
1

 
1

Total due from other related parties
 
 
 
 
$
58

 
$
61

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
 
 
 
$
5

 
$
5

Other liabilities
 
 
 
 
55

 
55

Total due to other related parties
 
 
 
 
$
60

 
$
60

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
All other related party transactions are not material in the periods presented.

14


Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Results of Operations and Financial Condition.
Management’s discussion and analysis of results of operations and financial condition is provided as a supplement to and should be read in conjunction with the unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes to enhance the understanding of our results of operations, financial condition and cash flows. Additional context can also be found in our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended September 30, 2015, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on November 12, 2015 (the “2015 Form 10-K”). References in this document to “Viacom,” “Company,” “we,” “us” and “our” mean Viacom Inc. and our consolidated subsidiaries, unless the context requires otherwise.
Significant components of management’s discussion and analysis of results of operations and financial condition include:
Overview: The overview section provides a summary of our business.
Results of Operations: The results of operations section provides an analysis of our results on a consolidated and reportable segment basis for the quarter and six months ended March 31, 2016, compared with the quarter and six months ended March 31, 2015. In addition, we provide a discussion of items that affect the comparability of our results of operations.
Liquidity and Capital Resources: The liquidity and capital resources section provides a discussion of our cash flows for the six months ended March 31, 2016, compared with the six months ended March 31, 2015, and of our outstanding debt, commitments and contingencies existing as of March 31, 2016.
OVERVIEW
Summary
We are home to premier global media brands that create compelling television programs, motion pictures, short-form content, apps, games, consumer products, social media experiences and other entertainment content for audiences in 180 countries. Our media networks, including Nickelodeon®, COMEDY CENTRAL®, MTV®, VH1®, SPIKE®, BET®, CMT®, TV Land®, Nick at Nite®, Nick Jr.®, Channel 5® (UK), Logo®, Nicktoons®, TeenNick® and Paramount Channel™, reach 510 million households worldwide. Viacom Media Networks also provides extensive online, mobile and app experiences. Paramount Pictures® is a major global producer and distributor of filmed entertainment. Paramount Television™ develops and produces programming for television and video-on-demand platforms. In February 2016, the Company announced that it initiated a process to explore opportunities for a significant strategic minority equity investment in Paramount Pictures.
We operate through two reporting segments: Media Networks and Filmed Entertainment. Our measure of segment performance is adjusted operating income/(loss). We define adjusted operating income/(loss) for our segments as operating income/(loss), before equity-based compensation and certain other items identified as affecting comparability, when applicable. Equity-based compensation is excluded from our segment measure of performance since it is set and approved by the Compensation Committee of Viacom’s Board of Directors in consultation with corporate executive management, and is included as a component of consolidated adjusted operating income.
When applicable, we use consolidated adjusted operating income, adjusted net earnings attributable to Viacom and adjusted diluted earnings per share (“EPS”), among other measures, to evaluate our actual operating performance and for planning and forecasting of future periods. We believe that the adjusted results provide relevant and useful information for investors because they clarify our actual operating performance, make it easier to compare our results with those of other companies and allow investors to review performance in the same way as our management. Since these are not measures of performance calculated in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”), they should not be considered in isolation of, or as a substitute for, operating income, net earnings attributable to Viacom and diluted EPS as indicators of operating performance and they may not be comparable to similarly titled measures employed by other companies. For a reconciliation of our adjusted measures and discussion of the items affecting comparability, refer to the section entitled “Factors Affecting Comparability”.
Media Networks
Our Media Networks segment generates revenues in three categories: (i) the sale of advertising and marketing services, (ii) affiliate fees from cable television operators, direct-to-home satellite television operators, mobile networks, video-on-demand services, and other distributors of our programming and program services, and (iii) ancillary revenues, which include consumer products licensing, brand licensing, sale of content on DVDs and Blu-ray discs, licensing of our content for download-to-own and download-to-rent services and television syndication.

15

Table of Contents
Management’s Discussion and Analysis
of Results of Operations and Financial Condition
(continued)


Media Networks segment expenses consist of operating expenses, selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses and depreciation and amortization. Operating expenses are comprised of costs related to original and acquired programming, including programming amortization, expenses associated with the distribution of home entertainment products and consumer products licensing, participation fees, integrated marketing expenses and other costs of sales. SG&A expenses consist primarily of employee compensation, marketing, research and professional service fees and facility and occupancy costs. Depreciation and amortization expenses reflect depreciation of fixed assets, including transponders financed under capital leases, and amortization of finite-lived intangible assets.
Filmed Entertainment
Our Filmed Entertainment segment generates revenues worldwide principally from: (i) the theatrical release and/or distribution of motion pictures, (ii) home entertainment, which includes sales of DVDs and Blu-ray discs relating to the motion pictures we release theatrically and direct-to-DVD, as well as content distributed on behalf of Viacom and third parties, transactional video-on-demand and download-to-own services, (iii) licensing of film and television exhibition rights to pay and basic cable television, free television, subscription video-on-demand and free video-on-demand services and (iv) ancillary revenues from providing production services to third parties, primarily at Paramount’s studio lot, licensing of its brands for consumer products, theme parks and other uses, and distribution of content specifically developed for digital platforms.
Filmed Entertainment segment expenses consist of operating expenses, SG&A expenses and depreciation and amortization. Operating expenses principally include the amortization of film costs of our released feature films (including participations and residuals), print and advertising expenses and other distribution costs. We incur marketing costs before and throughout the theatrical release of a film and, to a lesser extent, other distribution windows. Such costs are incurred to generate public interest in our films and are expensed as incurred; therefore, we typically incur losses with respect to a particular film prior to and during the film’s theatrical exhibition and profitability may not be realized until well after a film’s theatrical release. Therefore, the results of the Filmed Entertainment segment can be volatile as films work their way through the various distribution windows. SG&A expenses include employee compensation, facility and occupancy costs, professional service fees and other overhead costs. Depreciation and amortization expense principally consists of depreciation of fixed assets. 
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Consolidated Results of Operations
Our summary consolidated results of operations are presented below for the quarters and six months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015.
  
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Better/(Worse)
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Better/(Worse)
(in millions, except per share amounts)
2016
 
2015
 
$
 
%
 
2016
 
2015
 
$
 
%
Revenues
$
3,001

 
$
3,078

 
$
(77
)
 
(3
)%
 
$
6,155

 
$
6,422

 
$
(267
)
 
(4
)%
Operating income
586

 
38

 
548

 
NM

 
1,425

 
973

 
452

 
46

Net earnings/(loss) attributable to Viacom
303

 
(53
)
 
356

 
NM

 
752

 
447

 
305

 
68

Diluted earnings/(loss) per share
0.76

 
(0.13
)
 
0.89

 
NM

 
1.89

 
1.09

 
0.80

 
73

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-GAAP*
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted operating income
586

 
822

 
(236
)
 
(29
)
 
1,425

 
1,781

 
(356
)
 
(20
)
Adjusted net earnings attributable to Viacom
303

 
467

 
(164
)
 
(35
)
 
773

 
1,005

 
(232
)
 
(23
)
Adjusted diluted earnings per share
$
0.76

 
$
1.16

 
$
(0.40
)
 
(34
)%
 
$
1.94

 
$
2.44

 
$
(0.50
)
 
(20
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
NM - Not Meaningful

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* See "Factors Affecting Comparability" section below for a reconciliation of our reported results to our adjusted results, calculated on a non-GAAP basis.
Factors Affecting Comparability
The Consolidated Financial Statements reflect our results of operations, financial position and cash flows reported in accordance with GAAP. Our results have been affected by certain items identified as affecting comparability. Accordingly, when applicable, we use non-GAAP measures, including consolidated adjusted operating income, adjusted net earnings attributable to Viacom and adjusted diluted EPS, to evaluate our actual operating performance and for planning and forecasting of future periods. We believe that the adjusted results provide relevant and useful information for investors because they clarify our actual operating performance, make it easier to compare our results with those of other companies and allow investors to review performance in the same way as our management. These measures of performance are calculated on a basis other than GAAP and should not be considered in isolation of, or as a substitute for, operating income, net earnings attributable to Viacom

16

Table of Contents
Management’s Discussion and Analysis
of Results of Operations and Financial Condition
(continued)


and diluted EPS as indicators of operating performance, and they may not be comparable to similarly titled measures employed by other companies.
There were no adjustments to our results for the quarter ended March 31, 2016. The following tables reconcile our reported results to our adjusted results, calculated on a non-GAAP basis, for the six months ended March 31, 2016 and quarter and six months ended March 31, 2015. The tax impacts included in the tables have been calculated using the rates applicable to the adjustments presented.
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 
Six Months Ended  
 March 31, 2016
 
Operating Income
 
Net Earnings
Attributable to Viacom
 
Diluted EPS
Reported results (GAAP)
$
1,425

 
$
752

 
$
1.89

Factors Affecting Comparability:
 
 
 
 
 
Discrete tax expense

 
21

 
0.05

Adjusted results (Non-GAAP)
$
1,425

 
$
773

 
$
1.94

 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 
Quarter Ended  
 March 31, 2015
 
Operating Income
 
Net Earnings/(Loss)
Attributable to Viacom
 
Diluted EPS
Reported results (GAAP)
$
38

 
$
(53
)
 
$
(0.13
)
Factors Affecting Comparability:
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring and programming charges
784

 
520

 
1.29

Adjusted results (Non-GAAP)
$
822

 
$
467

 
$
1.16

 
 
 
 
 
 
(in millions, except per share amounts)
 
Six Months Ended  
 March 31, 2015
 
Operating Income
 
Net Earnings
Attributable to Viacom
 
Diluted EPS
Reported results (GAAP)
$
973

 
$
447

 
$
1.09

Factors Affecting Comparability:
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring and programming charges
784

 
520

 
1.26

Loss on pension settlement
24

 
15

 
0.04

Discrete tax expense

 
23

 
0.05

Adjusted results (Non-GAAP)
$
1,781

 
$
1,005

 
$
2.44

 
 
 
 
 
 
Restructuring and programming charges: The quarter and six months ended March 31, 2015 reflect a pre-tax charge of $784 million recognized in connection with a company-wide review across our worldwide Media Networks, Filmed Entertainment operations and corporate functions. The company-wide review resulted in the implementation of significant strategic and operational improvements aimed at addressing the ratings challenges experienced by our networks and enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of our operations, including a new programming strategy shifting focus away from repeated acquired programming and toward fresher, first-run original programming specifically targeted to appeal to our youth and family-oriented demographics.
As a result of the review, we reorganized our operating segments and the newly structured operating segment management performed a comprehensive strategic review of existing programming, resulting in the identification of programming not aligned with the Company’s new strategy. Decisions were made to cease airing certain programs, alter future airing patterns of certain other programs, and move some programming to secondary networks that would not generate sufficient revenues to support their carrying value.
The charge consisted of $578 million of programming charges and a $206 million restructuring charge associated with workforce reductions. See “Segment Results of Operations” for additional discussion of the impact of the restructuring and programming charges on segment expenses.

17

Table of Contents
Management’s Discussion and Analysis
of Results of Operations and Financial Condition
(continued)


Loss on pension settlement: The pre-tax non-cash charge of $24 million in the six months ended March 31, 2015 was driven by the settlement of pension benefits of certain participants of our funded pension plan.
Discrete tax expense: The net discrete tax expense in each of the six months ended March 31, 2016 and 2015 is principally related to a reduction in qualified production activity tax benefits as a result of retroactively reenacted legislation.
Revenues
Worldwide revenues decreased $77 million, or 3%, to $3.001 billion in the quarter ended March 31, 2016. Media Networks revenues decreased $71 million, or 3%, principally reflecting lower advertising and affiliate revenues, and Filmed Entertainment revenues decreased $4 million.
Worldwide revenues decreased $267 million, or 4%, to $6.155 billion in the six months ended March 31, 2016. Media Networks revenues decreased $160 million, or 3%, reflecting lower advertising, affiliate and ancillary revenues. Filmed Entertainment revenues decreased $112 million, or 8%, primarily driven by lower theatrical and home entertainment revenues, partially offset by higher license fees.
Expenses
Total expenses decreased $625 million, or 21%, to $2.415 billion and $719 million, or 13%, to $4.730 billion in the quarter and six months ended March 31, 2016, respectively, due to $784 million of restructuring and programming charges in the prior year quarter and six months and a $24 million loss on pension settlement in the prior year six months, partially offset by higher segment expenses. Media Networks expenses increased $27 million, or 2%, in the quarter primarily driven by higher operating expenses and decreased $15 million in the six months, primarily driven by lower SG&A expenses. Filmed Entertainment expenses increased $133 million, or 20%, in the quarter and $111 million, or 8%, in the six months driven by higher operating expenses.
Operating
Operating expenses decreased $402 million, or 20%, to $1.654 billion in the quarter and $432 million, or 12%, to $3.247 billion in the six months. Consolidated operating expenses included a programming charge of $578 million in the prior year quarter and six months, as described in more detail in the "Factors Affecting Comparability" discussion above. Media Networks operating expenses increased $39 million, or 4%, in the quarter and $9 million in the six months. Filmed Entertainment operating expenses increased $136 million, or 25%, in the quarter and $131 million, or 11%, in the six months.
Selling, General and Administrative
SG&A expenses decreased $16 million, or 2%, to $705 million in the quarter and $80 million, or 6%, to $1.372 billion in the six months. Media Networks SG&A expenses decreased $13 million, or 2%, in the quarter and $25 million, or 2%, in the six months. Filmed Entertainment SG&A expenses decreased $3 million, or 3%, in the quarter and $20 million, or 11%, in the six months. Consolidated SG&A expenses included a $24 million loss on pension settlement in the prior year six month period, as described in more detail in the "Factors Affecting Comparability" discussion above.
Operating Income
Operating income increased $548 million in the quarter ended March 31, 2016, reflecting the operating results discussed above. Excluding the items discussed in "Factors Affecting Comparability", adjusted operating income decreased $236 million, or 29%, to $586 million in the quarter. Media Networks adjusted operating income decreased $98 million, or 11%, primarily reflecting revenue declines as well as an increase in programming expenses. Filmed Entertainment adjusted operating results decreased $137 million principally reflecting the performance of certain films released in the quarter. In addition, corporate expenses decreased $4 million, or 7%, due to lower employee-related costs.
Operating income increased $452 million in the six months ended March 31, 2016, reflecting the operating results discussed above. Excluding the items discussed in "Factors Affecting Comparability", adjusted operating income decreased $356 million, or 20%, to $1.425 billion in the six months. Media Networks adjusted operating income decreased $145 million, or 7%, principally reflecting the decline in revenues. Filmed Entertainment adjusted operating loss decreased $223 million, reflecting lower contribution from current year films in release across the distribution windows. In addition, corporate expenses decreased $15 million, or 13%, due to lower employee-related costs.
Income Taxes
Our effective income tax rate was 32.8% and 34.6% in the quarter and six months ended March 31, 2016, respectively. Discrete tax expense of $21 million contributed 1.8 percentage points to the effective income tax rate in the six months. Excluding the impact of discrete tax items, our adjusted effective income tax rate was 32.8% in the six months.

18

Table of Contents
Management’s Discussion and Analysis
of Results of Operations and Financial Condition
(continued)


Our effective income tax rate was 51.0% and 32.8% in the quarter and six months ended March 31, 2015, respectively. Discrete tax expense of $23 million in the six months, taken together with the other factors affecting comparability discussed above, as applicable, contributed 19.8 and 1.0 percentage points to the effective income tax rate in the quarter and six months, respectively. Excluding the impact of discrete tax items, our adjusted effective income tax rate was 31.2% and 31.8% in the quarter and six months, respectively.
Net Earnings Attributable to Viacom
Net earnings attributable to Viacom increased $356 million in the quarter and $305 million in the six months, principally due to the increase in tax-effected operating income described above. Excluding the items noted above under "Factors Affecting Comparability", adjusted net earnings attributable to Viacom decreased $164 million, or 35%, to $303 million in the quarter and $232 million, or 23%, to $773 million in the six months.
Diluted Earnings Per Share
Diluted EPS increased $0.89 per diluted share to $0.76 in the quarter and $0.80 per diluted share to $1.89 in the six months, primarily reflecting higher net earnings. Excluding the items noted above under "Factors Affecting Comparability", adjusted diluted EPS decreased $0.40 per diluted share to $0.76 in the quarter and $0.50 per diluted share to $1.94 in the six months.
Segment Results of Operations
Transactions between reportable segments are accounted for as third-party arrangements for the purposes of presenting segment results of operations. Typical intersegment transactions include the purchase of advertising by the Filmed Entertainment segment on Media Networks’ properties and the purchase of Filmed Entertainment’s feature films and television programming exhibition rights by Media Networks.
Media Networks
  
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Better/(Worse)  
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Better/(Worse)  
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
$
 
%
 
2016
 
2015
 
$
 
%
Revenues by Component
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Advertising
$
1,123

 
$
1,172

 
$
(49
)
 
(4
)%
 
$
2,443

 
$
2,539

 
$
(96
)
 
(4
)%
Affiliate fees
1,129

 
1,146

 
(17
)
 
(1
)
 
2,248

 
2,278

 
(30
)
 
(1
)
Ancillary
129

 
134

 
(5
)
 
(4
)
 
255

 
289

 
(34
)
 
(12
)
Total revenues by component
$
2,381

 
$
2,452

 
$
(71
)
 
(3
)%
 
$
4,946

 
$
5,106

 
$
(160
)
 
(3
)%
Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating
$
996

 
$
957

 
$
(39
)
 
(4
)%
 
$
1,953

 
$
1,944

 
$
(9
)
 
 %
Selling, general and administrative
538

 
551

 
13

 
2

 
1,048

 
1,073

 
25

 
2

Depreciation and amortization
42

 
41

 
(1
)
 
(2
)
 
83

 
82

 
(1
)
 
(1
)
Total expenses
$
1,576

 
$
1,549

 
$
(27
)
 
(2
)%
 
$
3,084

 
$
3,099

 
$
15

 
 %
Adjusted Operating Income
$
805

 
$
903

 
$
(98
)
 
(11
)%
 
$
1,862

 
$
2,007

 
$
(145
)
 
(7
)%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues
Worldwide revenues decreased $71 million, or 3%, to $2.381 billion and $160 million, or 3%, to $4.946 billion in the quarter and six months ended March 31, 2016, respectively. Domestic revenues decreased 4% to $1.949 billion and 3% to $4.006 billion in the quarter and six months, respectively. International revenues were substantially flat in the quarter at $432 million and decreased 2% in the six months to $940 million. Foreign exchange had a 7-percentage point unfavorable impact on international revenues in both the quarter and six months.
Advertising
Worldwide advertising revenues decreased $49 million, or 4%, to $1.123 billion in the quarter and $96 million, or 4%, to $2.443 billion in the six months. Domestic advertising revenues decreased 5% in the quarter and 4% in the six months. While pricing increased, softer ratings at certain of our networks caused lower audience delivery, reducing impressions and associated revenue. International advertising revenues decreased 1% in the quarter and 2% in the six months. Excluding foreign exchange, which had a 7-percentage point and 8-percentage point unfavorable impact in the quarter and six months, respectively, international advertising revenues increased 6% in both the quarter and six months, driven by growth in Europe.

19

Table of Contents
Management’s Discussion and Analysis
of Results of Operations and Financial Condition
(continued)


Affiliate Fees
Worldwide affiliate fee revenues decreased $17 million, or 1%, to $1.129 billion in the quarter and $30 million, or 1%, to $2.248 billion in the six months. In the six months, excluding foreign exchange, which had a 1-percentage point unfavorable impact, worldwide affiliate revenues remained flat. Domestic affiliate revenues decreased 2% in the quarter and 1% in the six months, reflecting a modest decline in subscribers and a rate adjustment with a major distributor, partially offset by rate increases across the remaining subscriber base. International affiliate revenues increased 4% in the quarter and decreased 1% in the six months. Excluding the impact of foreign exchange, which had a 7-percentage point and 8-percentage point unfavorable impact, international affiliate revenues increased 11% and 7% in the quarter and six months, respectively, driven by new channel launches, increased subscribers and rate increases.
Ancillary
Worldwide ancillary revenue decreased $5 million, or 4%, to $129 million in the quarter. Worldwide ancillary revenues decreased $34 million, or 12%, to $255 million in the six months, driven by lower consumer product revenue, reflecting Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles merchandise sales in the prior year, and a decline in television syndication revenue.
Expenses
Total expenses increased $27 million, or 2%, to $1.576 billion in the quarter and remained substantially flat at $3.084 billion in the six months.
Operating
Operating expenses increased $39 million, or 4%, to $996 million in the quarter, and $9 million to $1.953 billion in the six months. Programming costs increased $50 million, or 6%, in the quarter, with an 11-percentage point increase reflecting our continuing investment in original content, partially offset by a 5-percentage point benefit in the current quarter attributable to programming abandoned or impaired in the second fiscal quarter of 2015, as previously described in the “Factors Affecting Comparability” section. Programming costs increased $25 million, or 1%, in the six months, with an 8-percentage point increase reflecting our continuing investment in original content, partially offset by a 7-percentage point benefit in the current quarter attributable to the aforementioned programming abandonments and impairments. Distribution and other expenses decreased $11 million, or 10%, in the quarter and $16 million, or 7%, in the six months, primarily driven by lower ancillary expenses.
Selling, General and Administrative
SG&A expenses decreased $13 million, or 2%, to $538 million in the quarter and $25 million, or 2%, to $1.048 billion in the six months, primarily due to lower employee costs. SG&A expenses reflect 4-percentage points and 5-percentage points of benefit in the quarter and six months, respectively, from our 2015 restructuring. Refer to the “Factors Affecting Comparability” section above for a discussion of our restructuring charge taken in the second fiscal quarter of 2015.
Adjusted Operating Income
Adjusted operating income decreased $98 million, or 11%, to $805 million and $145 million, or 7%, to $1.862 billion in the quarter and six months, respectively, reflecting the operating results discussed above.

20

Table of Contents
Management’s Discussion and Analysis
of Results of Operations and Financial Condition
(continued)


Filmed Entertainment
<
 
Quarter Ended  
 March 31,
 
Better/(Worse)
 
Six Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
Better/(Worse)
(in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
$        
 
%    
 
2016
 
2015
 
$        
 
%    
Revenues by Component
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Theatrical
$
217

 
$
205

 
$
12

 
6
 %
 
$
311

 
$
374

 
$
(63
)
 
(17
)%
Home entertainment
153

 
194

 
(41
)
 
(21
)
 
392

 
510

 
(118
)
 
(23
)
License fees
240

 
206

 
34

 
17

 
477

 
395

 
82

 
21

Ancillary
45

 
54

 
(9
)
 
(17
)
 
87

 
100

 
(13
)
 
(13
)
Total revenues by component
$
655

 
$
659

 
$
(4
)
 
(1
)%
 
$
1,267

 
$
1,379

 
$
(112
)
 
(8
)%
Expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating
$
690

 
$
554

 
$
(136
)
 
(25
)%
 
$
1,353

 
$
1,222

 
$
(131
)
 
(11
)%
Selling, general and administrative
88

 
91

 
3

 
3

 
170

 
190

 
20

 
11

Depreciation and amortization
13

 
13

 

 

 
26

 
26